STUART-PARK--James,--Violets

JAMES STUART PARK (1862-1933)

Violets       

Oil on canvas 49.5 x 59.7cm; signed

Replica French late 19/early 20th Century architrave Artist’s frame with matt and burnished water gilding

Overall framed size 67.9 x 78.1cm

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Whilst Stuart Park’s flowerpieces on a black ground have something in common with those of Samuel Peploe, whom he may have influenced, he also produced some studies on a pale ground, like this one. The space is shallow, but firmly established with large brushstrokes and thick, juicy paint layered over tonal areas. The clear glass bowl is graphically indicated with four gestures, and in this Whistlerian white box the violets cluster and swoop, their characteristic shape produced in ravishing velvety curls of rapid impasto. Simplified to a striking degree, they retain at the same time a memorable botanical accuracy and a plangent immediacy of transient life.

Biographical details

James Stuart Park’s parents came from Ayrshire villages, south of Kilmarnock in western Scotland, but he was born in 1862 in Kidderminster, near Birmingham, where his father, a designer, had gone to capitalize on the booming carpet industry. The family moved back to Kilmarnock shortly after, to take advantage of the growing reputation of the local carpet industry. Stuart Park trained part-time at Glasgow School of Art, and then in Paris, at the Académie Julian with Gustave Boulanger and Jules-Joseph Lefebvre, and at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, with Ferrnand Cormon.

He started out as a portraitist, but finding it difficult to support himself he turned to flowerpieces. His radically simplified style, in which the petals and flowerheads are almost abstracted and painted in rapid, cursive strokes, found favour with the Glasgow Boys, and – although he was unique amongst them as almost solely a painter of flowers – he became a member of the group, along with his peers: Joseph Crawhall, E.A. Walton, Harrington Mann, George Pirie, &c (the last two of whom had also trained with Boulanger and Lefebvre).   He exhibited with them at the Royal Scottish Academy and the Royal Glasgow Institute, and worked from a studio in Glasgow until 1896, when he moved back to his home region of Kilmarnock.

The Glasgow Boys were profoundly influenced by the work of Bastien-Lepage: its naturalism, light key, and figures placed in a shallow foreground, which led them to Japanese prints with their similar use of space, and to the equally influential work of Whistler. The same interests can be seen in Stuart Park’s portraits (his Self-portrait, A gipsy maid, c.1890-95, and Dr John MacIntyre, c.1904), and in his earlier flowerpieces, which are notable for their observation, their use of flat tones, shallow space or asymmetric compositions. His best work was produced in the 1880s and -90s, but even his more formulaic later work, with its undifferentiated flowers floating on a black ground, remained extremely popular with his clients. He was an accomplished watercolourist.

Works in public collections include: Begonias, Green & yellow roses, Roses, The Hunterian Museum & Art Gallery, Glasgow; Self-portrait, Woman & roses, Red & white roses, Red & white geraniums, The Dick Institute, Kilmarnock; Orchids, Pansies, Daffodils, Dr John MacIntyre, Glasgow Museums Resource Centre.